How to form plural nouns

A singular noun refers to one person, place, or thing e.g. apple. 🍎

A plural noun refers to more than one person, place, or thing e.g. apples. 🍎  🍎

There are many rules we need to follow when making nouns plural.
These rules depend on the letter a noun ends in.

Here is a simple summary of the rules:

Regular nouns ⟢ βœ”οΈŽ Add β€˜s’
E.g. Dog 🐢 – Dogs 🐢🐢

To make the singular noun ‘dog’ plural, you add the letter ‘s’.

Words ending in s, sh, ch, or x ⟢ βœ”οΈŽ Add β€˜es’
E.g. Peach πŸ‘ – Peaches πŸ‘πŸ‘

To make the singular noun ‘peach’ plural, you add the letters ‘es’.

Words ending in vowel + o ⟢ βœ”οΈŽ Add β€˜s’
E.g. Radio πŸ“» – Radios πŸ“»πŸ“»

To make the singular noun ‘radio’ plural, you add the letter ‘s’.

Words ending in consonant + o ⟢ βœ”οΈŽ Add β€˜es’
E.g. Hero πŸ¦Έβ€β™‚οΈ – Heroes πŸ¦Έβ€β™‚οΈπŸ¦Έβ€β™‚οΈ

To make the singular noun ‘hero’ plural, you add the letters ‘es’.

Words ending in vowel + y ⟢ βœ”οΈŽ Add β€˜s’
E.g. Monkey  🐡 – Monkeys  🐡 🐡

To make the singular noun ‘monkey’ plural, you add the letter ‘s’.

Words ending in consonant + y ⟢ βœ”οΈŽ Drop the β€˜y’ and add β€˜ies’
E.g. Baby Β πŸ‘ΆπŸ» – Babies Β πŸ‘ΆπŸ»Β πŸ‘ΆπŸ»

To make the singular noun ‘baby’ plural, you remove the letter ‘y’ and add the letters ‘ies’.

Words ending in β€˜f’ or β€˜fe’ ⟢ βœ”οΈŽ Drop β€˜f’ or β€˜fe’ and add β€˜ves’
E.g. Leaf 🍁 – Leaves πŸ‚

To make the singular noun ‘leaf’ plural, you remove the letter ‘f’ and add the letters ‘ves’.

Plural nouns ⟢ βœ”οΈŽ Stay the same
E.g. Sheep πŸ‘ – Sheep πŸ‘πŸ‘

E.g. Fish 🐟 – Fish 🐠🐑

The singular nouns ‘sheep’ and ‘fish’ don’t need to be changed to form the plural nouns.Β 

Irregular plurals
Some plurals don’t follow the rules; therefore, it’s important to learn them.

E.g. Tooth 🦷 – Teeth  🦷 🦷

E.g. Mouse 🐭 – Mice 🐭🐭

E.g. Child Β πŸ§’πŸ» – Children Β πŸ§’πŸ»Β πŸ§’πŸ»

E.g. Woman Β πŸ‘©πŸ½β€πŸ’Ό – WomenΒ πŸ‘©πŸ½β€πŸ’ΌΒ πŸ‘©πŸ½β€πŸ’Ό