What are the effects of alcohol?
Alcohol affects the body in many different ways. Alcohol is a type of drink that is made of ethanol which acts as a drug. It is produced by the fermentation of grains, fruits, or vegetables.
Harmful effects of alcohol:
- Slows reaction time
- Affects coordination
- Affects judgment and decision making
- Uncontrolled emotions
- Memory problems
- Weakens the immune system
- Risk of heart problems
- Risk of unconsciousness
- Risk of organ damage
- Psychological problems
- Affects fertility
- Risk of a miscarriage/premature birth during pregnancy
Alcohol slows down the signals in the nerves and brain. It slows down reaction time; therefore, it takes longer to react. This is why it is very dangerous to drive when you have consumed alcohol. Alcohol can result in impaired memory, slurred speech, difficulty walking, poor coordination, visual problems, headaches, poor concentration, and vomiting.
Alcohol can also result in poor judgment; therefore, people who have consumed alcohol will usually make poor decisions. Furthermore, alcohol can affect an individual’s emotions, usually resulting in the inability to control emotions. It also lowers inhibitors, increases heart rate, and increases hunger. Increased heart rate and blood flow to the skin cause the individual to appear red.
Large consumption of alcohol can lead to unconsciousness. Long-term use of alcohol weakens the immune system; therefore, making the person more vulnerable to serious infections. Over time alcohol consumption can lead to addiction, and this can go on to affect numerous organs in the body.
Excessive drinking can cause liver damage. The liver is involved in filtering the blood and removing alcohol using enzymes; however, the products of this reaction are toxic and can cause damage over time.
Alcohol can irritate the stomach lining, which can result in stomach ulcers. Other problems include shrinking brain cells, worsened memory problems, psychiatric problems, vitamin deficiency, and even cancer.
Alcohol consumption can also affect fertility in both males and females. It is important to note that alcohol consumption during pregnancy is also very dangerous as it can increase the risk of a miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight, or foetal alcohol syndrome. Furthermore, alcohol has many social implications, such as resulting in violence and the breakdown of relationships.
When an individual decides to stop drinking alcohol, these risks reduce significantly.
There are many people to help you on your journey to quit drinking alcohol. There are also many resources available if you would like support with quitting alcohol.
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