There are seven types of syllables:
✔︎ Closed syllable
✔︎ Open syllable
✔︎ Vowel-team syllable
✔︎ Diphthong syllable
✔︎ Vowel-consonant-e syllable
✔︎ Consonant-le syllable
✔︎ R-controlled syllable
𝟭) A closed syllable is a type of syllable in which the vowel in the word is closed in by at least one consonant, so the word ends with a consonant.
The vowel in a closed syllable is usually a short vowel.
E.g. Cat ➜ the letters c and t are consonants, and the letter a is a vowel.
𝟮) An open syllable is a type of syllable in which there are no consonants after the vowel so the word ends with a vowel.
The vowel in an open syllable is usually a long vowel.
E.g. She ➜ the letters s and h are consonants, and the letter e is a vowel.
𝟯) A vowel-team syllable is a type of syllable that contains two vowels that make one vowel sound.
E.g. Boat ➜ the letters o and a are vowels, but we only pronounce the vowel o sound, and the 2nd vowel is silent.
This rule applies to the vowels: ea, ai, oa, ee, ay, and oe.
𝟰) A diphthong syllable is a syllable that contains two vowels that make a combined vowel sound.
E.g. Soil ➜ the letters o and i are vowels and we pronounce both vowels making the ‘oi’ sound.
𝟱) A vowel-consonant-e syllable is a syllable that contains a vowel followed by a consonant then the letter e. This is usually called the magic e because the letter e is silent and it changes the first vowel into a long vowel.
E.g. The word kit is an example of a closed syllable. However, when we add the magic e the vowel i becomes a long vowel (kite).
𝟲) A consonant-le syllable is a syllable that contains a consonant followed by le. The letters ‘le’ make an ‘ul’ sound e.g. Simple.
𝟳) An r-controlled syllable is a syllable that contains a vowel that’s followed by the letter r so the vowel sound is controlled by the letter r, e.g. car.