What’s the difference between vowels and consonants?

Vowels

The letters A E I O U are known as the vowels. These are speech sounds made without any blockage of airflow by parts of the mouth. 

Each vowel has a long and a short sound. The word cat consists of the consonant c, short vowel a, and the consonant t.

It is important to remember that the letter Y is special because it can sometimes be a vowel or a consonant. It can be a vowel or consonant depending on how it sounds in the word.

➜ E.g. In the word sky, the letter y makes a long vowel I sound, therefore in this case, the letter y is considered to be a vowel.

➜ E.g. In the word angry, the letter y makes a long vowel e sound therefore in this case, the letter y is considered to be a vowel

In cases where the letter y makes its phonics sound, it is considered to be a consonant. This usually comes at the beginning of words, e.g. yellow, yacht, you, etc. 

Consonants

The rest of the letters in the alphabet are known as the consonants. These are speech sounds in which airflow is partially obstructed by parts of the mouth including the lips or tongue.

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